|Insurance Definitions and Insurance Terms Letter L
LAW OF LARGE NUMBERS
The theory of probability on which the business of Insurance is based. Simply put, this mathematical premise
says that the larger the group of units insured, such as sport-utility vehicles, the more accurate the
predictions of loss will be.
Insurance for what the policyholder is legally obligated to pay because of bodily injury or property damage
caused to another person
Maximum amount of Insurance that can be paid for a covered loss.
Type or kind of Insurance, such as personal lines.
Enables the state Insurance department as liquidator or its appointed deputy to wind up the Insurance
company’s affairs by selling its assets and settling claims upon those assets. After receiving the liquidation
order, the liquidator notifies Insurance departments In other states and state guaranty funds of the
liquidation proceedings. Such Insurance company liquidations are not subject to the Federal Bankruptcy
Code but to each state’s liquidation statutes.
The ability and speed with which a security can be converted into cash.
Coverage for bodily injury or property damage caused by an intoxicated person who was served liquor by
LLOYD'S OF LONDON
A marketplace where underwriting syndicates, or mini-insurers, gather to sell Insurance policies and
reinsurance. Each syndicate is managed by an underwriter who decides whether or not to accept the risk.
The Lloyd’s market is a major player In the international reinsurance market as well as a primary market for
marine Insurance and large risks. Originally, Lloyd’s was a London coffee house In the 1600s patronized by
shipowners who insured each other’s hulls and cargoes. As Lloyd’s developed, wealthy individuals, called
“Names,” placed their personal assets behind Insurance risks as a business venture. Increasingly since the
1990s, most of the capital comes from corporations.
Corporation formed to market services of a group of underwriters. Does not issue Insurance policies or
provide Insurance protection. Insurance is written by individual underwriters, with each assuming a part of
every risk. Has no connection to Lloyd’s of London, and is found primarily In Texas.
LONG-TERM CARE Insurance
Long-term care (LTC) Insurance pays for services to help individuals who are unable to perform certain
activities of daily living without assistance, or require supervision due to a cognitive impairment such as
Alzheimer’s disease. LTC is available as individual Insurance or through an employer-sponsored or
A reduction In the quality or value of a property, or a legal liability.
LOSS ADJUSTMENT EXPENSES
The sum insurers pay for investigating and settling Insurance claims, including the cost of defending a
lawsuit In court.
The portion of an Insurance rate used to cover claims and the costs of adjusting claims. Insurance
companies typically determine their rates by estimating their future loss costs and adding a provision for
expenses, profit, and contingencies.
LOSS OF USE
A provision In homeowners and renters Insurance policies that reimburses policyholders for any extra living
expenses due to having to live elsewhere while their home is being restored following a disaster.
Percentage of each premium dollar an insurer spends on claims.
The company’s best estimate of what it will pay for claims, which is periodically readjusted. They represent a
liability on the insurer’s balance sheet.
NOTICE: These glossary definitions provide a brief description of the terms and phrases used within the
Insurance industry. These definitions are not applicable In all states or for all Insurance and financial
products. This is not an Insurance contract. Other terms, conditions and exclusions apply. Please read your
official policy for full details about coverages. These definitions do not alter or modify the terms of any
Insurance contract. If there is any conflict between these definitions and the provisions of the applicable
Insurance policy, the terms of the policy control. Additionally, this informational resource is not intended to
fully set out your rights and obligations or the rights and obligations of the Insurance company, agent or
agency. If you have questions about your Insurance, you should contact your Insurance agent, the
Insurance company, or the language of the Insurance policy.
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